Gandhi, the representative of jainism at the 1893 congress of world religions chicago and the first jain to set foot on north american soil, also wrote some of the best works on jainism in the english language. The christians believe in a trinity of god the father, god the son, and god the holy ghost. Jain beliefs fundamental beliefs of jainism the soul is bounded by karma from the beginning of time. The epic of gilgamesh from sumer, although only considered by some scholars as a religious text, has origins as early as 2150 bce, and stands as one of the earliest literary works that includes various mythological figures and themes. Indian language vocabulary is also wellexplained mostly sanskrit. His main areas of academic and research interest include jainism, buddhism, classical sanskrit literature and middle indoaryan philology. Apr 24, 2007 within sikhism, the holy book is called the sri guru granth sahib. The jains by paul dundas meet your next favorite book. It has been over 2500 years since buddhism emerged as a religion, and the unique holistic spiritual healing it gives has seen it. Paul dundas born in 1952 is a scholar and a senior lecturer in sanskrit language and head of asian studies in the university of edinburgh. The holy book of jainism is a collection of texts known as agam literature or the agam sutras.
See below for a selection of the latest books from jainism category. Broadly, jainism is divided into two major schools of thought, digambara and svetambara. Jainism table of contents religions of the world and. The institute of jainology has begun publishing a learn jainism series to support the material on the learn jainism website. The jains by paul dundas life force by michael tobias the a to z of jainism by kristi.
The texts containing the teachings of mahavira are called the agamas, and are the canonical literature the scriptures of. Dundas looks at jainism in its social and doctrinal context, explaining its history, sects, scriptures and ritual, and describing how the jains have, over 2500. Religion and culture of the jains by jyoti prasad jain 1983, bharatiya jnanpith will provide an orderly and. Religion and culture of the jains by jyoti prasad jain 1983, bharatiya jnanpith will provide an orderly and clear.
The svetambaras believe that the collection of 32 or 45, the number is disputed agamas holy scriptures are the first and foremost of all holy texts. Bibliography jainism religion yale forum on religion. Dundas has successfully and critically presented a broad account of jain beliefs and history. I pay homage to the arihants ones who have conquered their inner enemiesi pay homage to the siddhas liberated onesi pay homage to those acharyas who head the orderi pay homage to those upadhyays who teach the messagei pay homage to all sadhus monksseekersthese five acts of homage can wash away all sinof all that is auspiciousthis. Bc as protests against the overdeveloped ritualism of hinduism, particularly its sacrificial cults, and the authority of the veda. One of the oldest known religious texts is the kesh temple hymn of ancient sumer, a set of inscribed clay tablets which scholars typically date around 2600 bce. Dundas looks at jainism in its social and doctrinal context, explaining its history, sects, scriptures and ritual, and describing how the jains have, over 2500 years, defined themselves as a unique religious community. The upanishads are also called as vedantas or the end of the vedas. The scriptures of the vedas are meant to guide hindu believers in their daily lives. The majority of the vedas are considered the shruti, which is translated to that which is hard. Illuminated manuscripts and jain art important sermons, canonical texts and commentaries were transmitted orally long before being committed to writing. The holy teachers are called the jina, and they are the epitome of teaching for all jains, especially the jina mahavira. He is regarded as one of the leading scholars of the world in jain studies. While there are differences in practices, the core philosophy and main principles of.
Sanskrit verse from shivpuran lord rishabhdev jineshwar first tirthankar the omniscient and the all pervasive incarnated himself on the magnificent kailas ashtapad mountain. Jainism, ajivika, and buddhism arose in the 6th cent. Or of jains sweeping the ground in front of them to ensure that living creatures are not inadvertently crushed. Karma the mechanism create your own fate hermann kuhn. It is perhaps the most comprehensive and concise book of its kind, and few books on jainism are as appropriate. List of books and articles about jainism online research. This point is proved by what is said in the following quotes from oldest hindu holy books that jainism existed before vedas were composed. Paul dundas is senior lecturer in sanskrit in the school of asian. Indeed one of the bestknown hindu books in the west is the kama sutra, a manual for sexual activity. The site is on top of a mountain that is over 2,000 feet high. Paul dundas the religion of jainism with hinduism and buddhism is an.
Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata, and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation, etc. The following list of books incorporates a number of salient points of view, and they would be especially good for those not raised as jains. His main areas of academic and research interest include jainism, buddhism. The jain literature which was complied by ganadharas and srutkevlis is known as agam literature. He is the author of the sattasai and its commentators. The puranas are holy books of hinduism that date back to gupta empire in ancient india.
The books are illustrated with colour photographs and. The texts containing the teachings of mahavira are called the agamas, and are the canonical literature the scriptures of svetambara jainism mahaviras disciples compiled his. Jainism is one of the worlds oldest religious traditions. An introduction introduction to religion by jeffery d. Jainism in western garb as a solution to lifes problems by herbert warren 19 explains the philosophical basis of jainism from a western europeans point of view. Since gautama buddha, founder of buddhism, belonged to the same region of magadha as mahavira the 24th tirthankar of jainism, and because both were contemporaries, it was assumed erroneously that jainism was contemporary of buddhism or was an off. It has been over 2500 years since buddhism emerged as a religion, and the unique holistic spiritual healing it gives has seen it getting popular in many other parts of the world. Pleasure, one of the four encouraged goals of life in hinduism. History, society, philosophy and practice agustin paniker on. Jaina tradition teaches that a succession of 24 tirthankaras saints originated the religion. Paul dundas the living earth of jainism and the new story. Shvetambara monks are allowed to retain a few possessions such as a robe, an alms bowl, a whisk broom, and a mukhavastrika a piece of cloth held over the mouth to protect against the ingestion of small insects, which are presented by a senior monk at the time of initiation. Books on jainism and jain philosophy hindu website.
These are further divided into different subsects and traditions. Exactly when jain texts began to be illustrated is uncertain. The most holy of the hindu books is written in sanskrit and is referred to as the vedas. It attempts to explain the rationale of being and existence, the nature of the universe and its constituents, the nature of souls bondage with body and the means to. Paul dundas s book was recommended to me by a specialist on jains. Instead they have a body of holy writings or scriptures. Other holy scriptures in hinduism are called the upanisads, the smrutis, the puranas, the ramayana and the mahabharata. The one thing grossly lacking in this book is citation of scripture. Introduction jain or more properly speaking jaina means a follower of jina, which is applied to those persons who have conquered the lower nature, passion, hatred, etc. His main areas of academic and research interest include jainism, buddhism, classical sanskrit literature and. In 300 words jainism is the philosophy and religion of jainas the followers of religion preached and practised by the thirthankaras, the last of whom was lord mahavir.
With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features lovereading will help you find great jainism books and those from many more genres to read that will. Paul dundas born 1952 is a scholar and a senior lecturer in sanskrit language and head of asian studies in the university of edinburgh. A treatise on jainism the heart of jainism books about jainism. It is considered holy because of all the tirthankaras are believed to obtain nirvana while meditating together on the top of the mountain.
Pilgrimage plays an important part in jain life for digambaras and some svetambaras. Jain philosophy deals with reality, cosmology, epistemology study of knowledge and vitalism. Hinduism download books, sacred, spiritual texts and pdf e. Representation of jainism and buddhism in indian history. Sep 10, 2009 pilgrimage pilgrimage in jainism temples on the shatrunjaya hills, gujurat an important jain site. Jainism is an eastern religion with origins in the indus river valley dating back to 3000 b. Jainism is an indian religion which is traditionally believed to be propagated by twentyfour spiritual teachers known as tirthankara. However, the puranas are supposed to be complied by muni vyasa. This channel is dedicated to educating people about jainism. Guru is a sanskrit word for teacher, and within sikhism it is the title given to the 10 spiritual leaders of sikhism dating from 1469 ad to 1708 ad as well as the sri guru granth. The books are for children between the ages of around five to eleven.
Shah jain study center of north carolina raleigh 401 farmstead drive, cary nc 275115631 9194690956 and fax email. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features lovereading will help you find great jainism books and those from many more genres. Some of the other holy works and books of hinduism are stories and epic poems. Worshipers look at its thousands of statues through mirrors in order no to insult the gods and goddesses with a direct gaze. It is considered to be much more than a book, it is deemed to be the living guru of the sikhs.
Antiquity of jainism professor mahavir saran jain lord mahavira is not the founder of jainism. Oxford university press, 2001, christopher chapple ed, jainism and ecology cambridge. They differ from literary texts by being a compilation or discussion of beliefs, mythologies, ritual practices, commandments or laws, ethical conduct, spiritual aspirations, and for creating or fostering a religious community. Jainism lays heavy emphasis on nonviolence ahimsa and the believers of this religion, whether a monk or a householder, follow a very strict, well disciplined life. This playlist contains pravachans lectures on how and why the future is predestined and why are you incapable of changing it. Their holy scripture, the bible, is a collection of 73 books dating from about 9th century b. Indian religions, hinduism, jainism, sikhism, christianity. Jains see these texts, which are the transcriptions of lord mahavirs sermons, as sacred documents.
All sects agree that teaching was first transmitted orally, however, the two main sects of jainism, svetambara and digambara disagree on which scriptures are authoritative, or most important. The author does a very thorough job introducing the reader to jainism, its history, its sacred days, its customs and its sects. Introduction jain philosophy god world doctrine of karma and reincarnation triple jewels moksha. Pilgrimage pilgrimage in jainism temples on the shatrunjaya hills, gujurat an important jain site. Jain philosophy is the oldest indian philosophy that separates body matter from the soul consciousness completely. Hinduism holy book important books and writings of hinduism.
Paul dundas looks at jainism in its social and doctrinal context, discusses its. Hinduism does not possess a single holy book like bible in christianity and quran in islamic dharma. In fact, the householders are supposed to evolve to the monkhood in the later stages of life as was the case with the hinduism in the vedic era. Kama refers primarily to aesthetic pleasure, such as the enjoyment of music, drama, dance, painting, sculpture, and so on. We have certain scriptures which are considered as very sacred. Unlike monotheistic traditions, the jains do not have a unique holy book that characterises their faith. The agam sutras show great reverence for all forms of life and strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism, nonviolence, and opposition to war. Jainism jainism ritual practices and religious institutions. The jains the library of religious beliefs and practices 9780415266062. Buddhism is a religion known for its rich spiritual teachings, beliefs, practices and traditions. The jains, the library of religious beliefs and practices by paul. The vedas and these other works are further divided into two sections.
There are six highly recommended books that together form an excellent literary introduction to jainism and the jain way of thinking. The strength of the book its thoroughness and density also may be a deterrent to the new reader. Agams are the jain texts which are based on the discourse. Within sikhism, the holy book is called the sri guru granth sahib. These texts are glorious tales of the hindu trinity brahma, vishnu and maheshwar shiva. The relative authority of religious texts develops over time and is derived from the ratification. These texts are the holy scriptures of the jain religion.
Hindus are in a similar position, even though they have the vedas, which can be considered the ultimate source of teaching. Some of the other holy works and books of hinduism. Sep 16, 1992 paul dundas born in 1952 is a scholar and a senior lecturer in sanskrit language and head of asian studies in the university of edinburgh. The indian religion of jainism, whose central tenet involves nonviolence to all creatures, is one of the worlds oldest and leastunderstood faiths.
Apr 03, 20 the puranas are holy books of hinduism that date back to gupta empire in ancient india. Jain theism concept of god in jainism harvard university. Jainism ritual practices and religious institutions. Rediscovering and reclaiming a functional cosmology christopher key chapple ecology, economics, and development in jainism padmanabh s. If you read it, youll know quite all about this ancient indian religion, which probably has invented vegetarianism and still is its most consequent supporter. The jains, a small religious group believing in an immortal soul. Two papers outlining how the jaina view of reality helps to make decisions that will result in increased peacefulness, happiness and love for ourselves, as well as for other living beings. Dundas looks at jainism in its social and doctrinal context, explaining its. In india, they share this feature with the buddhists. Paul dundas is senior lecturer in sanskrit in the school of asian studies, university of edinburgh, specialising in middle indoaryan philology and the jain religion. Followers of jainism are called jains, a word derived from the sanskrit word jina victor referring to the path of victory in crossing over lifes stream of rebirths by destroying karma through an ethical and spiritual life. Long jainism evokes images of monks wearing facemasks to protect insects and micoorganisms from being inhaled. Jainism is a transtheistic religion, and jains trace their. It is a city so holy that not even priests can sleep there.174 1057 1202 888 821 1349 1444 223 657 973 523 587 114 1199 958 240 237 1004 775 751 1066 1350 1032 906 1342 161 1017 1412 8 222 608 115 885 566 342 919 615